When it comes to installing Python, developers have a number of choices, all of which are suitable for developing a wide range of applications.
The first choice for many is Python.org, the home of the Python Software Foundation, which is the body responsible for creating and releasing new versions of Python. Typically, developers download the Python core for the most recent release of the language from python.org, and then source any third party packages, libraries and components they may require for their project from the Python Package Index (PyPI).
To simplify and speed project startup, a number of commercial vendors package together a version of the Python core with hundreds of the most popular packages from PyPI. Foremost among these vendors are Anaconda and ActiveState. Additionally, these vendors enhance Python with their own ecosystem, which can often make Python easier to deploy, build and manage.
Anaconda vs ActivePython vs Python – Which Python to download?
|Pre-built Distributions||Multiple Python cores||Multiple ActivePython
|Usage||General purpose||General purpose||Data science focused|
|Package Manager||Pip||State Tool (in Beta)||Conda|
|Repository||PyPI||ActiveState Platform Catalog1||Anaconda Repository1|
|Source Code Build Tooling||None (third party
|Native Virtual Environments||No||Yes||Yes|
|Dependency Resolution||No (under
|Yes – solve and suggest
|Yes – solve and warn|
1 – All packages are pulled as source code from PyPI, as well as other sources
Experienced Pythonistas will likely prefer to use Python.org’s Python core, and then manually install all the packages they require from PyPI using pip. For the time being, dependency resolution will still need to be managed manually.
New to Python? We’d recommend starting with a pre-built version of Python such as those offered by ActivePython or Anaconda in order to simplify and speed setup. These kinds of “batteries included” Python environments provide everything you need to get started coding right away.
- Since ActiveState provides commercial support, ActivePython is the best choice for those focused on building commercial applications.
- Anaconda is a good choice for those focused on creating non-commercial data science applications since you can take advantage of Anaconda’s proven Python ecosystem for free.